• Iron ore loading & causes of iron ore liquefaction during

    2019-1-25 · Iron ore is the raw material used to make pig iron, which is one of the main raw materials to make steel. 98% of the mined iron ore is used to make steel.[1] Indeed, it has been argued that iron ore is "more integral to the global economy than any other commodity, except perhaps oil". Iron ore

    Safe carriage of Iron ore & other iron concentrates in bulk

    2019-1-25 · Safe carriage of Iron ore & other iron concentrates in bulk Iron ore is used for the production of metallic iron in steel-making. Although some 45 countries export natural iron ore resources, seven countries provide 75% of the total exported. The two largest

    What are precautions while loading iron ore fines on ships

    The masters are directed to verify the moisture content of the iron ore fines, if in any doubt, in accordance with the provisions of IMSBC code prior to the acceptance of the shipment during the entire loading operations. List indication lights, if fitted, shall be tested prior to

    729 12/10 Safe Shipment of Iron Ore Fines

    729 12/10 Safe Shipment of Iron Ore Fines (International Group Circular) India As Members may be aware in 2009 two ships, the ‘Asian Forest’ and the ‘Black Rose’, capsized and sank following liquefaction of iron ore fines cargoes which they had loaded in the Indian ports of Mangalore and Paradip.

    Iron ore as a main dry cargo OpenSea

    In iron ore fixtures, the most important aspect at both the loading and discharge ports is the time. At most ports of shipment of iron ore, cargoes are loaded at very high speed with capesizes being able to load about 150,000 MT within a day only.

    Safe Loading Stowage Carriage and Discharging of Iron

    2012-9-28 · cargo of Iron ore fines / Concentrates and similar type of cargoes from Indian Ports during fair / foul weather season. highlights the prime hazards associated with the shipment of solid bulk cargoes, such as loss or reduction of stability during a voyage due to

    CARGO LIQUEFACTION AND DANGERS TO SHIPS IFSMA

    2015-9-6 · 2009, two bulk carriers, The Asian Forest and the Black Rose sank while carrying iron ore fines during the monsoon season. The Indian Director General of Shipping investigated the sinking, and concluded that the reason was liquefaction as a consequence of excessive moisture in the cargo [14].

    Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) Cargo Handbook the world's

    2021-5-23 · Description / Application / Shipment Storage / Risk factors. Direct-reduced iron (DRI), also called sponge iron, is produced from direct reduction of iron ore (in the form of lumps, pellets or fines) by a reducing gas produced from natural gas or coal.The reducing gas is a mixture majority of hydrogen (H2) and carbon monoxide (CO) which acts as reducing agent.

    Updated guidance on marine transport of ores and

    2021-4-6 · During the 1990s, Dr Andrew Cox was the editor of UK Coal Review and was a regular writer and commentator on the international coal trade and related infrastructure developments.

    Iron ore (fines) Cargo Handbook the world's largest

    2021-5-24 · Description. Iron Ore (fines) Iron ores are rocks and minerals from which metallic iron can be economically extracted. The ores are usually rich in iron oxides and vary in colour from dark grey, bright yellow, deep purple, to rusty red. The iron itself is usually found in the form of magnetite (Fe 3 O 4), hematite (Fe 2 O 3), goethite (FeO(OH)), limonite (FeO(OH).n(H 2 O)) or siderite (FeCO 3).

    Iron ore as a main dry cargo OpenSea

    The iron ore is the dry bulk cargo with the largest trading volume per year, above coal and grains. Iron ore is found in nature in form of rocks, usually mixed with other elements and after it is processed by various industrial processes, it is sold to steel companies.

    Hazards of cargo liquefaction (Editorial 17th February

    2011-2-17 · Iron ore fines and nickel ore are frequently presented for loading in a dangerous condition. The consequences of loading these unsafe cargoes can be catastrophic. The list of ships that have capsized or come close to capsizing since 2009 is now in double figures and rising, as is the death toll.

    Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) Cargo Handbook the

    2021-5-23 · Description / Application / Shipment Storage / Risk factors. Direct-reduced iron (DRI), also called sponge iron, is produced from direct reduction of iron ore (in the form of lumps, pellets or fines) by a reducing gas produced from natural gas or coal.The reducing gas is a mixture majority of hydrogen (H2) and carbon monoxide (CO) which acts as reducing agent.

    CHARTERER’S BULLETIN DRI CARGO

    2014-6-19 · some DRI (C) cargoes contain very little metallic iron and so could be regarded as “safe” [See IMSBC Code for more information]. POTENTIAL HAZARDS/ISSUES: 1. OXYGEN DEPLETION As its name implies, DRI is produced by direct reduction. Direct reduction is a process by which the iron content of ore is increased through the removal of oxygen.

    What are hazards associates with carriage of solid

    The prime hazards associated with the shipment of solid bulk cargoes are those. high density cargoes such as iron ore should be loaded in the lower hold only to avoid damage to the tween deck. Loss or reduction of stability during a voyage.

    GUIDE TO SHIPPING, HANDLING, AND STORAGE OF HOT

    2020-5-12 · DRI, also known as Sponge Iron, is the product of the direct reduction of iron ore or other iron-bearing materials while in the solid state, i.e. without melting, using “reducing agents” carbon monoxide and hydrogen, derived from reformed natural gas, syngas or coal It is a porous . iron

    Marine Hazards Every Exporter & Importer Should

    2021-1-21 · Most of the dry loads are known as ‘hazardous goods.’ Hence, they need special care and attention in loading, unloading, and transportation. The carriage of solid cargoes has common hazards that very importer and exporter should know. Cargo Falls from Height. Cargoes such as quartz, iron ore, and steel scraps have high density.

    Proper cargo hold cleaning procedures mean good

    2016-5-2 · Torvald Klaveness is among the world’s leading shipowners and operators. The Oslo-headquartered company controls 130 vessels carrying some 60 million tonnes per annum of iron ore, coal, grain and bauxite on its own and chartered-in tonnage in the Baumarine and Bulkhandling pools.

    Ch 10 LSCM 4360 Flashcards Quizlet

    The part of a trip during which cargo is at most risk for theft is. the inland leg. A ship valued at $1,337,500 is carrying a cargo of iron ore valued at $125,000, and a cargo of coal valued at $100,000. The ship is stranded and the captain jettisons what is later determined to be $12,500 worth of iron ore. is an insurance policy that

    Hazards of cargo liquefaction (Editorial 17th February

    2011-2-17 · Iron ore fines and nickel ore are frequently presented for loading in a dangerous condition. The consequences of loading these unsafe cargoes can be catastrophic. The list of ships that have capsized or come close to capsizing since 2009 is now in double figures and rising, as is the death toll.

    Liquefaction risks Iron Ore Sinter Feed Maritime

    London P&I Club warns that several recent cargoes of Brazilian sinter feed iron ore have reportedly liquefied after loading as a result of the high moisture content of the cargo, despite shippers’ declarations at the loadport having described the cargoes as Group C. Thankfully there have been no reported losses to date but the risk of a loss of stability and potential capsize is apparent.

    9 Common Hazards Of Bulk Cargo On Ships Marine

    2020-9-25 · Many dry bulk cargoes are also classified as ‘dangerous goods’ requiring special attention during loading, transportation and discharging. The carriage of solid bulk cargoes possess potential hazards and thus require efficient and safe stowage and shipment. Some of the most common hazards of bulk cargoes on board ships are mentioned below: 1.

    Iron ore as a main dry cargo OpenSea

    The iron ore is the dry bulk cargo with the largest trading volume per year, above coal and grains. Iron ore is found in nature in form of rocks, usually mixed with other elements and after it is processed by various industrial processes, it is sold to steel companies.

    Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) Gard

    2010-8-10 · products with a variety of properties and hazards. It also covers a technical description of a specific type of refined iron ore. These products must be grouped under the genus of direct reduced iron (DRI BC 015 or HBI BC 016) for the purposes of the IMO

    Carrying solid bulk cargoes safely Nautical Institute

    2019-3-6 · iron concentrate, lead concentrate, nickel concentrate and zinc concentrate. Nickel ore7 There are several types of nickel ore which vary in colour, particle size and moisture content. Some may contain clay-like ores. Coal Coal (bituminous and anthracite) is a natural, solid, combustible material consisting of amorphous carbon and hydrocarbons.

    Member Alert Dangers With Respect to the Carriage of

    2012-9-28 · the ore. No other processing is involved. The ore is typically loaded into barges and transshipped to bulk carriers waiting at anchor. Although the cargo presented for shipment may appear to be dry, this is not a guide as to whether the cargo is actually safe to carry. Nickel ore is non-homogenous cargo and particle sizes vary considerably.

    Cargo Hold Cleaning westpandi

    2019-6-19 · • Iron ore • Petcoke • Salt 4. Grain Clean / High Cleanliness This is the most commonly required standard of cleanliness with the holds free of all traces of previous cargo residues and transferable stains, free of loose rust scale, loose paint flakes, paint blisters and any other contaminants, thoroughly dry and

    June 2018 Loss Prevention Liquefaction of Mineral Ores

    2021-4-10 · Fagerberg test procedure for iron ore fines’. The new schedule for iron ore fines, (a Group A cargo), is valid for iron ore cargoes containing both 10% or more of fine particles less than 1mm in diameter and 50% or more of particles less than 10mm in diameter. The content of goethite shall be less than 35%. The existing schedule for iron ore

    Proper cargo hold cleaning procedures mean good

    2016-5-2 · Torvald Klaveness is among the world’s leading shipowners and operators. The Oslo-headquartered company controls 130 vessels carrying some 60 million tonnes per annum of iron ore, coal, grain and bauxite on its own and chartered-in tonnage in the Baumarine and Bulkhandling pools.

    9 Common Hazards Of Bulk Cargo On Ships Marine

    2020-9-25 · Many dry bulk cargoes are also classified as ‘dangerous goods’ requiring special attention during loading, transportation and discharging. The carriage of solid bulk cargoes possess potential hazards and thus require efficient and safe stowage and shipment. Some of the most common hazards of bulk cargoes on board ships are mentioned below: 1.

    Liquefaction risks Iron Ore Sinter Feed Maritime

    London P&I Club warns that several recent cargoes of Brazilian sinter feed iron ore have reportedly liquefied after loading as a result of the high moisture content of the cargo, despite shippers’ declarations at the loadport having described the cargoes as Group C. Thankfully there have been no reported losses to date but the risk of a loss of stability and potential capsize is apparent.

    Iron Ore Fines Presentation 2009 IRON ORE FINES

    INTRODUCTION If documentation states cargo is iron ore fines the Master may interpret cargo as fines from iron ore, a Group “C” cargo. Knowledge of section 7.2.1 of the Code is required. This states that cargoes with a certain amount of moisture and small particles may liquefy.

    Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) Gard

    2010-8-10 · products with a variety of properties and hazards. It also covers a technical description of a specific type of refined iron ore. These products must be grouped under the genus of direct reduced iron (DRI BC 015 or HBI BC 016) for the purposes of the IMO

    Member Alert Dangers With Respect to the Carriage of

    2012-9-28 · the ore. No other processing is involved. The ore is typically loaded into barges and transshipped to bulk carriers waiting at anchor. Although the cargo presented for shipment may appear to be dry, this is not a guide as to whether the cargo is actually safe to carry. Nickel ore is non-homogenous cargo and particle sizes vary considerably.

    June 2018 Loss Prevention Liquefaction of Mineral Ores

    2021-4-10 · Fagerberg test procedure for iron ore fines’. The new schedule for iron ore fines, (a Group A cargo), is valid for iron ore cargoes containing both 10% or more of fine particles less than 1mm in diameter and 50% or more of particles less than 10mm in diameter. The content of goethite shall be less than 35%. The existing schedule for iron ore

    Proper cargo hold cleaning procedures mean good

    2016-5-2 · Torvald Klaveness is among the world’s leading shipowners and operators. The Oslo-headquartered company controls 130 vessels carrying some 60 million tonnes per annum of iron ore, coal, grain and bauxite on its own and chartered-in tonnage in the Baumarine and Bulkhandling pools.

    Carrying solid bulk cargoes safely Nautical Institute

    2019-3-6 · iron concentrate, lead concentrate, nickel concentrate and zinc concentrate. Nickel ore7 There are several types of nickel ore which vary in colour, particle size and moisture content. Some may contain clay-like ores. Coal Coal (bituminous and anthracite) is a natural, solid, combustible material consisting of amorphous carbon and hydrocarbons.

    Carrying solid bulk cargoes safely

    2018-2-22 · iron concentrate, lead concentrate, nickel concentrate and zinc concentrate. Nickel ore8 There are several types of nickel ore which vary in colour, particle size and moisture content. Some may contain clay-like ores. Coal Coal (bituminous and anthracite) is a natural, solid, combustible material consisting of amorphous carbon and hydrocarbons.

    Understanding the different direct reduced iron

    The term direct reduced iron, or DRI, has a generic meaning which covers a number of products with a variety of properties and hazards. There has been a disturbing increase in the number of potential life threatening incidents involving the carriage of direct reduced iron (DRI).

 

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